Chinese poem illustration: 小雅 信南山/ Xiaoya – Two nights on South Mountains by Anonymous
Full video also available at Bilibili: 小雅 信南山
The autumn ceremony(秋尝) is the most grand and significant ceremony in four seasons(春曰礿，夏曰禘，秋曰尝，冬曰烝). This poem give us a lot of details of it. The ceremony and praying to heaven and ancestors are not only for asking blessing and fortune, it is the fundamental life style and philosophy of Zhou people. 小雅 楚茨 is also about the grand ceremony with full coverage of the whole process and ritual, a good cross reference to this poem.
Arguements on characters 信, 理, 彧 , 菹 are made. 禹, 南亩 and 尸 are explained. An explanation on 享: originally is 亨(heng1), a loan character of 烹(peng1) which means cooking by boiling in water. As such, 是烝是享 means food offering by steaming and boiling, which is still two major unique cooking style in modern Chinese cuisine.
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