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Chinese poem illustration: 小雅 南山有台/ Xiaoya – Altar on South Mountains by Anonymous

小雅 南山有台

Full video also available at Bilibili: 小雅 南山有台

A very simple anthem song for the lord, very similar to the song in Zhou Wind – Jiu Wood(周南 樛木). What is more, this poem contributes many congratulatory phrases and sentences that still widely used today.

The key literature allusions of South Mountains(南山) and North Mountains(北山) was analyzed , together with its intentionally designed structure( 3 pair of sentences in a paragraph, 5 paragraphs total), all the above strongly suggests that this song is dedicated for Kings of Zhou, the son of heaven(天子), and most probably for the celebration to his long life. The other song Jiu Wood(樛木) sounds that it could be applied to any lords by its wording.

The character 台 , word 邦家 are discussed.

小雅 南山有台
佚名

南山有台,北山有莱。
乐只君子,邦家之基。
乐只君子,万寿无期。

南山有桑,北山有杨。
乐只君子,邦家之光。
乐只君子,万寿无疆。

南山有杞,北山有李。
乐只君子,民之父母。
乐只君子,德音不已。

南山有栲,北山有杻。
乐只君子,遐不眉寿。
乐只君子,德音是茂。

南山有枸,北山有楰。
乐只君子,遐不黄耇。
乐只君子,保艾尔后。

ps. First video during my 2 weeks quarantine in Zhuhai.

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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